Operating System Features, Types, Advantages & Disadvantages

Photo of author
Written By Devansh Vijay

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur pulvinar ligula augue . 

Discover the essential role of operating systems in managing computer hardware and software. Learn about the different types, features, advantages, and disadvantages of operating systems and how they impact the performance of your device.

The Operating System is the driver of a computer. It manages all the memory and processes of the computer and allows you to communicate with it without having to know the language.

What Is An Operating System?

The Operating System (OS), is software that acts as an interface between the computer hardware components of the user and the computer's operating system. To run other programs, every computer system must have at minimum one operating system.

The Operating System manages all the essential functions such as managing files, programs, and memory. It provides powerful benefits for software development and computer software. Without an operating system, all applications would have to include their UI.

The operating system allows computers hardware and software to communicate and work together. A core component of any operating system is Kernal. It is responsible for managing the communication between software and hardware.

Examples of Operating Systems

There are many operating system examples, including Windows, Android, iOS, Mac OS, Linux OS, Chrome OS, and Windows Phone OS.

Types Of Operating Systems

There are many operating systems, including:

  • Batch Operating Systems
  • Multitasking/Time Sharing OS.
  • Multiprocessing OS,
  • Real-Time OS.
  • Distributed OS.
  • Network OS.
  • Mobile OS.

A Batch Operating System user never interacts directly with the computer. Each user prepares his job using an offline device such as a punch card and then submits it to a computer operator.

Time-Sharing OS allows multiple people to use the same computer system from different locations. The CPU (processor time) that is shared between multiple users is called time sharing.

Real-Time OS responds quickly to inputs. Space Software Systems and Military Software Systems are two examples of real-time OS.

Distributed Systems use multiple processors on different machines to provide very fast computation to their users. The Network Operating System manages data, users, and groups. It runs on a server.

The Mobile Operating System is designed to power smartphones and tablets as well as wearable devices. The most popular mobile operating systems are Android, iOS, and Web. However, others include BlackBerry, Web, and watchOS.

Operating Systems Functions

👉 The operating system can create and delete processes. It also offers mechanisms for communication and synchronization among processes. The memory management module allocates and de-allocates memory space to programs that require it.

👉 File management is a tool that allows you to manage all aspects of file-related activities, including organization storage, retrieval, and sharing, as well as protection and security.

👉 Device management allows you to keep track of all your devices. The I/O controller is responsible for allocating and de-allocating the devices.

👉 Secondary Storage Management: Systems can store many levels of data, including primary storage, secondary storage, and cache storage. Instructions or data must be kept in primary storage so that running programs can refer to it.

👉 Security module protects data and information from malware threats and authorized access.

👉 Command interpretation allows you to interpret the commands that are given by the system resources to process them.

👉 Networking refers to a group of processors that don't share memory, devices, or clocks. The processors communicate through the network.

👉 job accounting allows you to keep track of the time and resources used by different jobs and users.

Communication management coordinates and assigns interpreters, compilers, and other resources to different users of computer systems.

Operating Systems Features

Protected and supervisor modes allow for disk access and file system manipulation. It also supports I/O operations. It supports error detection, handling, resource allocation, and protection.

Advantages Of An Operating System

You can hide hardware details by using the operating system to create an abstraction. With a GUI, it is simple to use. It offers an environment in which a user may execute programs/applications. It acts as an intermediary between the applications and the hardware components.

There is a lot of useful information on the computer. An operating system can access this data. Windows Defender searches for and removes harmful and dangerous files in Microsoft Windows. It then encrypts it bit by bit.

GUI (Graphical User Interface) is a feature of the Windows operating system. This makes it much easier to interact with and communicate with computers than with the Command Line Interface. The GUI allows users to access hardware and not have to write programs.

The operating system is a program that allows users to input data, process it and view the results. Users can also perform various operations, such as math calculations and other vital tasks. Share data and information with others using printers, modems, and players.

One user can send emails at once to multiple users to share the same information. You can also transfer files, applications, and media from your computer to other devices.

The Operating System is capable of managing multiple tasks simultaneously. An operating system must be regularly updated to meet the changing requirements. It must raise benchmarks and manage all aspects of computer operation. Other programs also receive updates to improve their functionality.

This operating system allows users to interact with equipment. The operating system controls all aspects of the PC.

The Operating system aids in converting projects into executable directions. A working system can deal with a range of interfering elements, To organize the entire CPU cycle for execution, the operating system implements several booking schemes.

The operating system compresses discontinuities around them, it is responsible for distributing the information within the framework. It also grants permission to request page paging. It assists in the efficient planning of all pages. It allows you to send one piece of information to multiple clients. It can also share resources like printers and fax machines.

It is easily updated. Some Operating Systems include protection against malicious files or infections.

Operating Systems Disadvantages

If the central operating system crashes, the whole system will crash and the machine won't function. The computer system cannot work without operating software, communication will cease and data processing will stop.

Some Operating Systems can be more expensive than open-source platforms such as Linux. Operating systems with GUI functionality, such as Microsoft Windows and other features are also more expensive.

Operating systems can be very complex and difficult to understand. Operating system threats are even more dangerous because they are more susceptible to viruses. Many users have installed malicious software packages that cause the operating system's slow down and stop functioning.

The process of dividing stored memory in a computer is called fragmentation. When the processing technique is more than the memory size, then internal fragmentation occurs. When the method or the process is removed, external fragmentation takes place.

The operating system has increased memory access times to things like page table queries, and TLB usage (Translation Lookaside buffer) usage must be improved. Protected page tables are required. More memory is needed for the memory board and an inner fracture is necessary.

It is necessary to connect the virtual memory size to the PTLR (Page Tab Length Register). Staggered page tables and different page sizes require more improvement. Unauthorized clients can access your system even without your permission. Your data will be deleted from the operating system when the functioning framework fails.

Any OS issue can cause your system to lose all data. An operating system's software can be quite costly for small organizations, which increases their burden. An OS problem could also lead to a security breach


In conclusion, an operating system is a crucial component of a computer system as it serves as the interface between hardware and software. Operating systems have a variety of features including process management, memory management, file management, and security.

There are different types of operating systems including single-user, multi-user, and mobile operating systems. Each type of operating system has its advantages and disadvantages.

For example, multi-user operating systems allow multiple users to use the same computer simultaneously, while single-user operating systems are less complex and provide more resources to the single user. Mobile operating systems are designed for mobile devices and are optimized for battery life and portability.

While operating systems have many benefits, they can also have disadvantages such as security vulnerabilities, compatibility issues, and limitations on software support. Overall, the choice of the operating system depends on the specific needs and requirements of the user.

Leave a Comment