Web Application Testing Manually (A Complete Step By Step Guide).

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Written By Nidhi Sharma

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Web applications are one subset of software. Software is only what consumers use. Every day we use web applications such as Facebook and Amazon. Software testing is an integral part of software development. It is an activity that identifies and detects software faults. Testing is a process that ensures the client receives a high-quality product.

Manual testing refers to the comparison of the behavior of code created (software, module APIs, features, etc.). To the desired behaviour (requirements). Manual Web Application Testing is an important step in creating great user experiences. It all begins with extensive manual software testing. Manual testing is therefore an integral part of any thorough software testing process.

What is Manual Testing?

Manual testing web applications involves the execution of test cases manually. This testing is done in the absence any automated technology. The end product is accurate because Web Application Manual Evaluation requires that the product be manually tested. The app's usability is checked by testers. Businesses use manual testing to validate their products. Businesses also use manual testing to validate their web apps.

The first step to creating user-friendly interfaces is manual software testing. Businesses use manual testing as a foundation strategy for producing high-quality software products. Businesses seldom believe in complete automation. Comprehensive automation is expensive and can be slow. Although manual testing is labor-intensive, it is essential for automation viability. Firms can use manual testers to uncover flaws in their software and get a realistic idea of how customers will interact.

Why Manual Testing is so Important in Web Application Development?

Manual software testing is the key to most web project's testing phases. Automated testing is ineffective when it comes to checking web apps for aesthetic issues. Automated testing technologies are ineffective when it comes to testing web apps for aesthetic concerns. Automated testing makes it more difficult to validate a web application's User Experience or User Interface.


Manual testing is able to overcome the limitations of automated testing. App development teams that focus on user experience and GUIs that evolve regularly rely heavily on manual testing to ensure their success.

The majority of features in active deployment are created when teams create apps from scratch in the initial stages of web app development. Manual testing is a better option than starting with active deployment. Manual testing has one major advantage: it can be used to create bespoke modules that are tailored to business requirements. Manual testing is possible without any complicated code or advanced applications.

Cost effective

Manual testing costs significantly less than expensive automation tools. The additional cost of integrating the expertise needed to run automation tools comes as an extra expense. Manual testing is easy to learn and costs less. Manual testing is also easier to do.

Manual testing is an excellent and flexible option for any unanticipated changes to the web app development process. Developers who want to validate the app after modifications have manual testing as an option. Manual testing can also be done using intuition and human observation. This contributes greatly to the overall customer experience.

Manual exploratory testing is also a great way for firms to identify potential edge situations or unanticipated issues. Sometimes manual testers will hand-code tests. It can take several weeks to create hand-coded test sets. Manual testing can be a great option for organisations in such situations.

Manual Web Application Testing Techniques:

Black Box, or Functional Testing

Functional testing does not allow access to the programme's internal details, so the software is treated as a black box. The only thing a test engineer cares about is the program's component visible from outside, namely input or output.

Test engineers add input to programs, inspect the output from the program, and determine if the output is what they intended. To select inputs, the test engineer uses the requirements definition of the program and the attributes of its input and output domains. The functionality and features of the program specification are not the concern of a test engineer.

Structural Testing or White Box

Structural testing focuses mainly on source code with a special emphasis on data flow and control flow. Control flow is the flow of control between commands.

You can pass control from one instruction to the next in many ways, including function calls, message passing and interrupts. The program's normal, sequential flow of control is disrupted by conditional statements. Data flow is the transmission of values between one variable or constant and another variable. Data flow is defined and used variables determine the program's components.

Unit Testing

Unit testing refers to the isolation of program units. There is not agreement about what constitutes a unit. There are many units that are well-known. These include functions, processes, and techniques. An object-oriented programming language class can also be considered a program unit.

A programme unit can be described as a piece or code such as a class method or function that is executed outside of the unit. It can also invoke other programme units. A programme unit is thought to implement a function that provides a level of abstraction for higher-level functions. The function of a programme unit may be related to a system-level function.

System Testing

The process of validating the whole and integrated software product is called system testing. System testing is used to verify the system's requirements. Software is often just one component in a larger computer-based system.

The programme can also be linked to other software/hardware programs. System testing can be described as a series of tests that are intended to test the entire computer-based system.

Integration Testing

Integration testing is a type of testing where software modules are conceptually integrated, and then evaluated as a whole. An example of a software project is made up of many software modules that were written by different programmers. This level of testing aims to find flaws in interactions between software components that are integrated.

Data transfer between these modules is the focus of integration testing. It is also called 'I & T (Integration and Testing), String Testing' and 'Thread Testing'. Software developers and integration testers work together to perform integration testing. Integration testing is designed to create a system that can withstand the demands of system-level testing.

Acceptance Testing

Acceptance testing is a formal process that assesses whether a system meets the acceptance criteria. These are the requirements the system must meet to be approved by the client. It helps the client decide whether or not to accept the system. If the acceptance tests fail, the client has the right to refuse delivery.

Regression Testing

Regression testing can be another type of testing, which is performed throughout the lifecycle of a system. Regression testing is performed when a system component has been modified. Regression testing's main purpose is to verify that there were no new flaws in an area that was not changed.

Regression testing is not an independent level of testing. Regression testing does not allow for the creation of new tests. Tests are instead chosen and prioritized from an existing set of cases in order to ensure that there is no breakage in the new software version. Regression testing takes up the most testing time in the industry and is very costly.

Smoke Testing

When the software is delivered by the developer team, smoke testing takes place. Smoke testing is used to determine if the programme can be tested. This is done during "software development". This is commonly referred to by the "Day 0" method. It is a time-saving technique.

This reduces testing time as it only tests the essential functionality of the application or addresses key issues. Smoke testing focuses on the workflow of the main and most important functions of the application.

Performance Testing

This is the most important aspect of non-functional test. This test measures how quickly the server responds to the request of the user. We will be testing the application's performance, including load and response times. After the programme is stable and has been transferred to production, we will perform performance testing. The application may be used concurrently by multiple users, which could cause performance issues. To avoid performance concerns, the tester performs one round of testing.

Load testing

The essential component of performance testing is load testing. It is used to test the software's ability to handle certain loads. Learn about the technique of load testing and what it is used for. We will also look at examples and discuss the drawbacks and benefits.

Non-functional software testing includes load testing as an integral part of performance testing. Load testing refers to the practice of using a load less than or equal the intended load to test the application's performance.

Stress Testing

Performance testing is one important aspect of stress testing. It is used to assess an application's behavior by delivering more load than it anticipated. Its purpose, benefits and drawbacks are also discussed.

Endurance Testing

Endurance testing is the process of evaluating the system's performance in various load conditions over a prolonged period of time. Non-functional testing includes endurance testing. It's also known as Lifespan testing or Soak testing. Endurance testing takes place at the end or the beginning of a performance run cycle. Endurance testing was done to determine the component's reaction under different loads and times. The term "endurance" refers to something's ability or ability to last. It is also known by durability, ability, endurance, and endurance.

Exploratory Test

We do one round exploratory testing if there is no need. This is called exploratory testing. We will explore the application in every way possible, learn the application's flow and create a test document. Then, we will test the application. To fully understand an application we must first do component or unit testing.

If the login page has many elements, for example, we will test each component and understand the entire page. However, exploratory testing is what we do because we are looking at the application.


Manual testing is considered the mother of all types of testing because it requires extensive knowledge. All other types of testing are derived from manual testing. The vast majority of testing literature is rife with jargon. This is because testing technology has advanced over the years and the work of many writers.

Software product quality is only possible through testing. One hand, it increases product quality by performing a test-find–defect-fix cycle during the development process. We analyse the system's performance before we release a product.

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